All this buzz about “Automation” makes sense as we realize how rapidly we are moving into an era of technological developments. It mainly focuses on enhancing efficiency by minimizing human intervention to uproot any human errors. The manual processes are more prone to errors as compared to the automated processes. Moreover, automation is an excellent way to conserve our most valuable resource – and that is time.
Does the idea of automation sound intimidating to you too? Undoubtedly, it does in the beginning. We mostly consider automatic processes beyond our control. But in fact, if we do them with proper planning and management, and set specific checkpoints, we can control them efficiently.
Talking about automation, let’s talk about Automation Testing.
What is Automation Testing?
Automation Testing is a software testing technique that compares the resulted outcomes with the expected ones. In this process, we use automation tools for certain repetitive tasks that are difficult to perform manually and require a lot of time.
Automated Testing is essential for several important reasons, such as:
- It is less susceptible to errors
- It speeds up the execution of tests
- You can leave automation testing unattended; it does not require human intervention
- Automation testing is favourable for multilingual sites and software
- It is less money and time consuming
Automation Testing is performed on specific Test Cases. Wondering what Test Cases are?
A Test Case is a suite of conditions against which a tester determines the system’s correct working and requirement. It is recommended that you test them manually at least once before putting them under the automated testing. The following types of test cases should be preferentially automated:
- Time Consuming Test Cases
- Test Cases that are difficult for manual testing
- Highly repetitive Test Cases
Test Automation Frameworks
A framework developed by various hardware, software, and automation testing tools ensures reliable analysis of any issues or bugs in the system or application under testing (AUT). It is actually an execution site for automated testing and enhances the efficiency of automated test scripts. Moreover, it provides a method to maintain the uniform design across different test scripts so that all testing does not depend on individual test-cases. Test Automation Frameworks ensure timely bugs detection, uprooting its cause, and reducing testing dependency on the teams. It improves the utilization of various resources and ensures that the testing process goes uninterrupted with no to minimum human resources. There are different types of Test Automation Frameworks such as:
- Linear Scripting Framework
- Modular Testing Framework
- Data-Driven Testing Framework
- Keyword Driven Testing Framework
- Hybrid Testing Framework
- Keyword Driven Testing Framework
- Hybrid Testing Framework
- Test-Driven Development Framework
- Behavior Driven Development Framework
Linear Scripting Framework
In this framework, the test scripts are executed individually and incrementally, adding new interaction every time. It is based on the concept of the record and playback model.
Modular Testing Framework
Being built on the concept of abstraction, it has a layer that hides the components from the application under test. This Framework makes sure that the changes made in any part of the application do not affect the core components.
Data-Driven Testing Framework
In this framework, a single script executes all the test cases and stores both the input and output results in a separate file.
Keyword Driven Testing Framework
This framework is an application-independent framework. It uses keywords to predict the action that you are performing on the application under test. Functionally, it is an extension of data-driven testing framework
Hybrid Testing Framework
Hybrid Testing Framework is a combination of different testing approaches, such as modular, data-driven, and keyword-driven testing.
Test-Driven Development Framework
It is also known as TDD and is well known for increasing the speed of tests and fulfilling the testing requirements. It uses automated unit tests to find one or more issues or bugs.
Behavior Driven Development Framework
Behavior Driven Development Framework focuses on system behaviour. In BDD, the testers make test cases in the English language, which helps the non-tech persons analyze and understand the outcomes easily.
Although Automated Testing has not entirely ruled out Manual testing, it is still better than the manual one in saving time and manpower. Implementing automation testing from scratch is a decision that requires proper homework. You can not imply Automation just because you are fascinated by the word! If, however, you work in the following key areas, you should better consider automation:
Automated Regression Testing is more feasible because it must be executed after every release to ensure proper functioning.
Problematic functional areas that involve calculations would be better with automated systems to avoid any human errors.
Automated testing saves time by analysing the build’s quality – whether it needs thorough testing or not.
Data-driven Testing involves multiple data sets, so automation will help rule out any possibility of mishappenings.
One of the most significant issues in a software or application is its support of different browsers or versions. It is also referred to as Responsive testing. For cross-browser testing, we need to execute a series of repetitive tests for different browsers, which takes a lot of time and effort. Hence, automating the process will help to make the testing quicker and efficient.
Repetitive tests remain the same from one cycle to the other. Therefore, repeating them over and over again is tiresome and boring. Hence, automating the repetitive test would be in your favor.
You can do the performance testing manually. It requires a tool to test the performance of a software or application efficiently. Hence, there is no manual alternative to automated performance testing.
Automated Testing Process
Before starting off with the process, you should be able to evaluate the need for automation. Anything impromptu would not lead to an efficient automation processing; therefore, it is quite advisable that you define your goals and priorities, plan automated testing strategy and select the right automation testing tool based on your project requirements. Once you have done it, you should be able to decide what cases you want to automate, develop test data, and execute the tests. The process of Automated Testing goes in the following steps:
- Selection of the Test tool depending on the application under testing.
- Defining the areas that need automation
- Planning, designing and developing the tools, framework, schedule, and features, etc
- Execution of the test by automation scripts and get the detailed reports
- Maintenance of the Automation testing by reviewing the scripts and improving them as and when required.
Following are the benefits of Automation Testing:
- Covers a wide range of application features
- Gives reliable and consist results
- Saves both time and cost
- It is highly accurate
- Human intervention is minimum
- Increase the efficiency of testing
- The test scripts can be used again and again
- Frequent and thorough testing is feasible
Automation Testing Tools
There are tons of Automation testing tools available in the market. However, our team at Two Runs only approve of a few but very best Automation Testing Tools such as:
- Ranorex Studio
- Rational Functional Tester
It is an open-source testing tool, commonly used for Regression Testing. It provides the playback and recording facility, access to export scripts in different languages such as Java, Ruby, Python, etc. It is able to execute multiple tests at a time, including the walkthrough tests as well. You can easily add titles and comments in the middle of the script.
It is an all-in-one tool for automating functional testing, regression testing, data-driven testing, and others. Ranorex Studio runs the tests locally or remotely and provides robust reporting.
Testim is the fastest automation tool that allows you to create stable and codeless tests. It offers you the flexibility to export tests as code. Testim integrates with other tools and stores test in your version control system to keep them parallel with the other run tests.
Rational Functional Tester
It has the ability to perform robust automated functional, regression, data-driven, and GUI testing. Rational functional tester supports application and protocols such as Java, HTML, NET, Windows, and SAP, among others. It can record and replay the actions. The developers can create keyword associated script with the Rational Functional Tester so that it can be used over and over again. It also supports version control enabling synced development of test scripts and their usage.
Watir is an open-source testing tool for regression testing enabling you to create readable texts. It supports internet explorer only. However, Watir web drive supports other browsers such as Chrome, Firefox, and Opera, etc. It uses Ruby as the fully-featured scripting language.
With the success of Agile and DevOps practices, faster and quality releases have become a norm. In this respect, Two Runs is two steps ahead of the other Web Development and Digital Marketing agencies. Our team stays in close resonance with the newer trends and ideas in technology, such as Automation Testing and others. We will be more than pleased to assist you and your business in any query in case it arises.